Feathers are a feature characteristic of birds. They facilitate flight, provide insulation that aids in thermoregulation, and are used in display, camouflage, and signalling. There are several types of feathers, each serving its own set of purposes.
Most birds can fly, which distinguishes them from almost all other vertebrate classes. Flight is the primary means of locomotion for most bird species and is used for searching for food and for escaping from predators.
Most birds are active during daytime, with a period of sleeping or other inactivity at night. But some birds, such as many species of owls and nightjars, are nocturnal.
Some birds, especially corvids and parrots, are among the most intelligent animals; several bird species make and use tools, and many social species pass on knowledge across generations, which is considered a form of culture.
Water is needed by many birds although their mode of excretion and lack of sweat glands reduces the physiological demands.
Birds' diets are varied and often include nectar, fruit, plants, seeds. Because birds have no teeth, their digestive system is adapted to process unmasticated food items that are swallowed whole.
The most popular pet birds are: Cockatiels, Budgies, or parakeets, African Grey Parrots, Quaker Parrots, Caiques, Conures, Finches and Canaries.
What do you need to take care of a bird?
Having the appropriate essentials is important to the health and happiness of your bird.
Birds need a diet of food pellets specifically for birds. You can also give it fresh/ dehydrated fruits and vegetables, along with beans, nuts and cooked brown rice. Avoid onion, alcohol, avocado, chocolate, these are toxic to birds.
Water and food bowls
The best are wide rather than deep cups. They will encourage your bird to try new food items. Many water and food dishes have built in perch, and they all have a ledge the bird can balance on as he drinks and eats. Perches need not be set close to the bowls to avoid overeating.
Buy the biggest cage you can afford! The bird cage should be made of a strong, non-toxic material, that is easy to clean. Basic measuring estimate is a cage that's wide enough to not cramp fully extended wings and high enough to accomodate birds with long tails.
Cage liner paper, paper towels or newspapers will do just fine. With using paper instead of sand or wood chips it is easier to monitor droppings for hygienic cleaning.
You can make it by hand by attaching two branches on each side of the cage with uncoated wire or a small bracket. Make sure they are set far enough from the food and water bowls. Use pesticide free, non-toxic trees, or buy a couple of bird perches from the pet store.
Lots of Toys!
Good objects to play with are soft white pine, rawhide and leather chews or pine cones. They also keep the beak healthy and keep your bird active. Avoid balsa wood, cedar, redwood and pressure-treated pine.
Because birds are constantly on display to the outside world, they also enjoy a degree of privacy. Use a towel or paper bag to give it some privacy.
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